Here is a list of Indian states/UTs with predominant languages:

1. Jammu & Kashmir (Dogri, Kashmiri, Ladakhi, Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, Baltistani, Dardi)

2. Himanchal Pradesh (Hindi, Pahadi)

3. Punjab (Punjabi, Hindi and Urdu)

4. Haryana (Hindi, Haryanvi, Predominantly Muslim – Urdu)

5. Rajasthan (Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwadi, Predominantly Muslim – Urdu)

6. Uttar Pradesh (Hindi, Brijbhasha, Pahadi, Avadhi, Bhojpuri, numerous others, Pred. Musl. – Urdu)

7. Madhya Pradesh (Hindi, Marathi, numerous others, pred. Muslim – Urdu)

8. Gujarat (Gujarati)

9. Maharashtra (Marathi, Vidarbha region – Hindi and Marathi, Konkan region – Konkani and Malwani)

10. Karnataka (Kannada, Tulu, Konkani)

11. Goa (Konkani)

12. Kerala (Malayalam)

13. Tamil Nadu (Tamil)

14. Lakshadweep (small chain of islands – Malayalam (?) )

15. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andamanese)

16. Andhra Pradesh (Telugu, Hyderabad city – Telugu plus Urdu)

17. Orissa (Oriya)

18. Bihar (Hindi, Bhojpuri, Maithini, Santhali, Angika, numerous others, Bengali, Pred. Muslim – Urdu)

19. West Bengal (Bengali)

20. Sikkim (Nepali, Lepcha, Bhutia)

21. Assam (Assamese, others)

22. Meghalaya (Garo, Khasi)

23. Arunanchal Pradesh (I plead ignorance!)

24. Mizoram (Mizo)

25. Nagaland (Naga)

26. Tripura (Tripuri, Bengali, Kuki)

27. Delhi (Capital City and sorrounding area – given quasi-statehood recently)

Other languages – Sindhi, SanskritOther Indian languages which are not represented in the “leftover” India -Baluchi, Pashto (in Pakistan now)

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